The Costa Brava is the name assigned to the coastal area of Catalonia that begins in Blanes and ends at the border with France, in Portbou. It limits to the north with the Costa Azul and to the south with the Costa del Maresme.
This coastal strip is comprised of the Catalan regions of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà and La Selva. It is located in the province of Girona.
The geographical location of what we now know as the Costa Brava has been, for centuries, an area of passage and settlement for numerous peoples and cultures, and the gateway to the Peninsula from Mediterranean Europe. The large number of historical remains in the area are testimony to this fact.
The first traces of activity that we find belong to the Paleolithic settlers.
Advancing a bit in history, we note the presence of Indo-European peoples that left their trace in megalithic constructions that we can find very close to Rosas, in the Gavarres and in the Serra de Rodes. These monuments have an estimated age of 5000 years BC. C. and we can find them in the regions of Pla de l’Estany, la Cerdaña, La Selva, Baix Empordà and Alt Empordà.
Millennia later, we observe the presence of colonizing peoples such as the Greeks or the Romans.
During the 3rd century BC. The Iberian territory was an important scene of the warlike operations that the Carthaginians and Romans maintained, the denominated Punic wars. At the moment in which the Carthaginians were finally defeated, the Romans took control of the area and progressively the entire Iberian Peninsula, but they had to constantly fight against local resistance. One of these autochthonous tribes were the indigetes, who were located in the coastal area that now occupies the Costa Brava.